Effect of Frayer Model, Choral Response and MuddiestPoint on Students’ Academic Achievement
Author(s) : Mubashra Akhtar & Muhammad Saeed
The paper addresses the effect of Frayer Model, Choral Response and Muddiest Point on the academic achievement of undergraduate students in this study. This study employed quasi-experimental design. The sample was 87 undergraduates who were already divided into two groups that were later named as experimental group and control group by using fishbowl method. Before starting the experiment, pretest of both the groups was taken to check either both groups are at same level or not. After pretest, treatment was applied in different timeframes for the period of sixteen weeks and then they were post tested. Pretest and posttest of both the groups were same that were developed by observing basic rules and guidelines of test development. The tests were validated by five experts in the field of assessment and curriculum development. The reliability was ensured by psychometric analysis after administering these on 200 undergraduate students. Paired sample t-test was applied to investigate the effect of assessment methods on students’ achievement. Independent sample t-test was applied in order to compare two groups, one that was given the treatment and the other was not given any treatment. The results of the study explored that the mean achievement scores of Muddiest Point was greater than the other two methods of assessment i.e. Frayer Model and Choral Response.
Key Words: Frayer Model, Choral Response, Muddiest-Point, Academic Achievement