Identification of Problems Faced by the Heads of the Special Education Institutions
Author(s) : Muhammad Zafar Iqbal, Sarwat Nawaz & Jahan Ara Shams
In the recent years special education is being focused in Pakistan. Many institutions of special education have been established in the country. Heads of these institutions are facing many problems and issues for sustainable development and to cope with emerging challenges. So, keeping in view the importance of special education, the purpose of the study was to identify the problems and issues faced by heads of special education institutions in Sargodha City. The study was qualitative in nature. Census sampling technique was used to select sample for the study. All the 12 heads of special education institutions in Sargodha city in Punjab province of Pakistan was selected as a sample for this study. Semi structured interviews were conducted to collect the data from the heads of special education institutions. The interview protocol was consisting of five questions regarding problem and issues of heads of special education institution. It was developed by researchers and was validated by two experts of the field. Interviews were audio recorded by the researchers. The average time for an interview was 30 minutes. Collected data from interviews were first transcribed then translated from Urdu, a National Language of Pakistan, to English and analysed through descriptive coding techniques and percentages. Findings of the research show that heads of special education institutions are facing many problems and issues such as shortage of finance, political pressure, lack of teaching and administrative staff, and lack of awareness.
Keywords: Heads, Problems, Sargodha, Special Education