Effect of Medium of Instruction on Students’ Self-efficacy towards Learning
Author(s) : Abdul Shakoor, Muhammad Tahir Khan & Ammara Farrukh
For the transmission of knowledge and skill, Language is an indispensable component. Language is a key for transmission of knowledge and a source of communication. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of medium of instruction Urdu (L1) and English (L2) on students’ self-efficacy, towards learning at secondary level. One thousand five hundred and sixteen (N= 1615) 10th grade students were randomly selected from 24 schools of both gender and locale on equal basis from those secondary schools where both medium of instructions are opted at secondary level. Self-efficacy scale was used as a research instrument. t -test was applied to analyze the data. The analyses revealed that medium of instruction have significant effect on students’ self-efficacy toward learning. Students learning through indigenous language show high self-efficacy as compared to second language learner at secondary level. On the basis of study the researcher recommended that Urdu the national language should be adapted as medium of instruction up to, at least, secondary level. The researchers also recommended that English should be used in specific schools by arranging talent sections to meet the global needs
Keywords: Medium of instruction, first language L1, Second language L2, Students’ self-efficacy.