Relationship between Self-Efficacy, Conscientiousness and Academic Motivation among Undergraduates
Author(s) : Najma Iqbal, Summayya & Mohsin Ata
The present study was envisioned to explore the relationship between self-efficacy, academic motivation, and conscientiousness among purposively selected university and college undergraduates (N = 200). The Self-efficacy Scale (Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 1995), Academic Motivation Scale (Robert et al., 1993) and Conscientiousness Scale (Paul, Costa, Robert & McCare, 1985) were used to measure the study constructs. Pearson correlation showed significant positive relationship between self-efficacy, conscientiousness, and academic motivation, whereas multiple regression analysis confirmed the role of self-efficacy and conscientiousness as positive predictors of academic motivation among students. t-test analysis further revealed that female students have significantly higher academic motivation than male students. Study implications and limitations have also been discussed.
Keywords: Self-efficacy, academic motivation, conscientiousness.